To keep your skin younger looking and healthy, a well balanced diet that is rich in nutrients is required. However, when you ingest these vitamins only a small portion actually affects your skin, as the body uses these nutrients in other areas where they are also needed. When you apply the vitamins in a topical cream directly to the affected areas of the skin, you will receive the maximum benefit available. The results range from improved skin tone and texture to lessening dark circles under the eyes.
Vitamin A – The Best Vitamin To Combat The Effects Of Aging
Vitamin A is an important nutrient that can be found in many lotions and creams sold over the counter, and it is also available by prescription. Derivatives of Vitamin A are called retinoids, which are used to treat many dermatological conditions including inflammatory skin conditions such as acne and psoriasis, and skin cancers. Vitamin A has been proven to improve the appearance of aging skin by decreasing wrinkles, smoothing the skin, lightening brown spots, and reversing some of the damage caused by the sun. Retinol stimulates the production of cells in the top layer of the skin. Those who wish to appear more youthful should use a skin cream containing Vitamin A.
Creams containing Vitamin A should be applied before bedtime, as the sun destroys the active ingredients in Vitamin A. Topical retinoids are usually applied to the face, neck, and back of the hands. When using a prescription retinoid, you can expect results in a month or two. However, creams containing retinol can cause skin irritation when first applied, so you should avoid using them every day. Applying the cream every second or third day will yield the best results over the first couple of weeks until the skin becomes accustomed to the cream. You can then increase the application to every evening, but use sparingly. Just a small dab will be enough to spread over your complete facial surface.
Excessive use can irritate the skin; increase the chance of sunburn, and cause redness and flaking of the skin.
Two types of retinoids that are gentle to sensitive skin are Neutrogena Dermatologics Retinol NX Serum or RoC Multi-Correxion Night Treatment. These can be found either on line or at your local pharmacy. Retinol propionate has been clinically tested and proven to be effective in improving skin appearance without drying after twelve weeks. This type of retinoid can be found in Olay Professional Pro-X Deep Wrinkle Treatment, and can be purchased at drug stores.
Vitamin B3 – Used To Hydrate The Skin And Decrease Redness
Vitamin B3 is needed by the body to produce healthy skin. It can be found in lotions and creams, and is often called niacinamide. This vitamin is known to strengthen the skin’s outer, protective barrier by retaining moisture and protecting against irritants. Vitamin B3 can help fight rosacea, a chronic skin condition that produces redness to the face and deteriorates as you age. Lotions containing niacinamide can lighten dark spots, as it prohibits the movement of pigment to the cells. Vitamin B3 increases the production of fatty acids and ceramides, and both are important parts of the barrier function of the skin.
Lotions containing Vitamin B3 should be applied twice each day, in the morning and before bedtime. This cream can be mixed with a moisturizer containing retinol for the maximum anti-aging effect and to reduce irritation.
Vitamin C – Prevents And Reverses Aging Skin
Although Vitamin C is effective in preventing colds, it also benefits the skin by acting as an antioxidant and fighting free radicals. Free radicals cause wrinkling, sagging skin, and Vitamin C combats these effects and helps to smooth and firm the skin and minimize brown spots. Vitamin C also helps to maintain and stabilize collagen, which is a key component of most bodily tissues.
Topical creams containing Vitamin C are applied to the skin to fight the effects of aging. Moisturizing lotions must be specially formulated to preserve the benefits of Vitamin C, and should be sold in opaque containers that are airtight so they are not damaged by exposure to the air. A concentration of at least five percent is required to benefit the skin.
When Vitamin C is added to a moisturizer also containing Vitamin A (retinoids), the maximum benefit will be realized. Both vitamins act to defend and repair damage to the skin.
Vitamin C should be applied to your skin in the morning before being exposed to sunlight. The types of Vitamin C that are best for the skin are ascorbic acid or magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, and can be mixed with a skin cream containing Vitamin E.
Vitamin E – To Increase Skin Moisture And Fight Against UV Damage.
Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant and protects the skin from pollution, ultraviolet light, and other free radicals that damage the skin. It can be used to prevent and treat sunburns and prevent the appearance of age spots.
Skin creams containing at least one percent Vitamin E are used to protect the skin from sun damage. It helps the skin by preventing dryness and retaining its moisture. Vitamin E has been shown to decrease the amount of unstable molecules caused by cigarette smoke.
Lotions containing Vitamin E should be used at least twenty minutes prior to exposure to the sun to decrease the amount of redness to the skin and lessen swelling and dryness. It should also be applied after exposure to the sun. A combination of Vitamins C and E can make the cream more effective.
Vitamin K – To Brighten The Eyes And Lighten Circles
Vitamin K can be found in eye creams that also contain retinol. Vitamin K is known to control and prevent blood clotting, which may be a cause of dark circles under the eyes. Broken capillaries under the eyes create spider veins and cause a ruddy appearance to the face. Vitamin K reduces the appearance of bruising or puffiness under the eyes. Creams containing Vitamin K should be applied each night at bedtime.